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|Collectors:||Lucas, Frederic A. (Frederic Augustus), 1852-1929. Rosenheim, Alfred F. (Alfred Faist), 1859-1943.|
|Title:||Frederic Augustus Lucas Papers (PP)|
|Abstract:||Documents Lucas' career as a museum administrator. Includes correspondence, contracts, blueprints, photographs, postcards, newspaper clippings, and internal memoranda.|
|Quantity:||3 boxes; 2.25 linear feet.|
|Call Phrase:||Frederic Augustus Lucas (PP)|
Frederic Augustus Lucas was a curator and naturalist born in Plymouth, Massachusetts on March 25, 1852. He received and honorary D.Sc. degree from the University of Pittsburgh in 1909. In 1871 Lucas entered Ward's Natural Science Establishment in Rochester, New York, where he remained for eleven years working in taxidermy, osteology, and museum technique. He began his curatorial career at the United States National Museum in 1882. From 1904 to 1911 he was the curator-in-chief of the Museum of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences. In 1911, Lucas became the director of the American Museum of Natural History in New York, where he remained until 1923, and served as the honorary director from 1924 to 1929.
Lucas' work was mainly in the field of museum administration, the preparation of museum materials, and osteology. Throughout his career, he belonged to numerous professional societies and published many works on the anatomy of birds, fossil vertebrates, and museum methods. He was the author of two books, Animals of the Past (1901), and Animals Before Man in North America (1902).
In 1933, the American Museum of Natural History published his biography, Fifty Years of Museum Work which includes a bibliography of his writings.
The collection includes correspondence, memoranda, postcards and photographs on administrative operations, building construction and design, display techniques and devices, museum training, and charter guidance for natural history institutions throughout the United States, most notably the United States National Museum.
|The collection is organized into five series:|
|Series 1: Correspondence. 1902-1927. Arranged chronologically.|
|Series 2: Subject Files. 1908-1924. Arranged chronologically.|
|Series 3: United States National Museum. 1883-1923. Arranged chronologically.|
|Series 4: Photographs. 1915-1920 and undated. Arranged by subject.|
|Series 5: Postcards. Undated. Arranged alphabetically by subject.|
This collection is open for research with permission from Mertz Library staff.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be submitted in writing to the LuEsther T. Mertz Library of the New York Botanical Garden.
|The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.|
|Lucas, Frederic A. (Frederic Augustus), 1852-1929.|
|Rosenheim, Alfred F. (Alfred Faist), 1859-1943.|
|Natural history museum directors.|
|Natural history museums Administration.|
|Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)|
|Brooklyn institute of arts and sciences. Museum.|
|United States National Museum. Museum of Natural History|
Brooklyn Museum Archives
Office of the Director, records, 1986-[ongoing] Franklin W. Hooper correspondence, 1904-1906
American Museum of Natural History, Department of Library Services
Administrative Files, 1969-1978 Expeditions and Scientific Staff Records, Department of Mammalogy, 1885-[ca. 1970]
New York Zoological Society Archives
Records of the Department of Tropical research. Office of the Director and General Associate, 1909-1947
Frederic Augustus Lucas (PP), Archives, The New York Botanical Garden.
This collection was donated to the New York Botanical Garden.
Originally processed April 2000. Reprocessed March 2005 by Kathleene Konkle under a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) PA-50678-04.
Series 1. Correspondence.
Scope and Content:
Correspondence with similar institutions regarding museum operations, instituting charters, building and display design, museum training, children's education, the role of the museum to the public, and job descriptions. In several instances, there is correspondence for the exchange of institutional promotional materials.
|1.1||Reprint: The American Naturalist Vol. XXXVI, No. 421||January 1902|
|1.2||Milwaukee Public Museum||1902-1918|
|1.3||Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences||1902-1915|
|1.4||Corcoran Gallery of Art||1903-1907|
|1.5||Philadelphia Commercial Museum||1903/1914/n.d.|
|1.7||Cold Spring Harbor Biological Laboratory (Brooklyn Institute)||1905/1915|
|1.8||Peabody Museum (Salem, Mass.)||1907|
|1.9||Princeton University, National Science Laboratory||1908|
|1.10||Detroit Museum of Art||1908|
|1.11||Southwest Museum, Los Angeles||1909|
|1.12||Museum of Fine Arts, Boston||1909|
|1.13||Museum of Wales||1909/1922|
|1.14||US National Zoological Park (re: Specimen Documentation)||1911|
|1.15||American Museum of Natural History||1911-1924|
|1.16||Leicester Museum and Art Gallery||1913|
|1.17||Newark Museum Association||1913/1914/1925|
|1.18||State University of Iowa (re: Museum Training)||1914/1916/1925|
|1.19||The Standard Union||1915|
|1.20||Brooklyn Botanic Garden||1914-1915|
|1.21||Children's Museum of Boston||1915/1924|
|1.22||California Academy of Sciences||1918|
|1.23||Warrington Municipal Museum (re: Museum Closings)||1918|
|1.24||US Army Medical Museum||1918|
|1.26||Los Angeles Museum of History, Science and Art (re: architectural drawings, A.F. Rosenheim)||1920-1921|
|1.27||San Diego Society of Natural History||1920/1924|
|1.28||Cleveland Museum of Natural History||1920/1922/1925|
|1.29||San Francisco Memorial Museum||1921|
|1.30||Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences||1921|
|1.31||Field Museum of Natural History||1922/1924|
|1.32||Hull Historical Museum||1923|
|1.33||Museum of Montreal, Deaf and Dumb Institute||1925|
|1.34||Steinhart Aquarium, San Francisco (California Academy of Sciences)||1925|
|1.35||Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery||1926|
|1.36||Australian Museum, Sydney||1926|
|1.37||National Museum of Engineering and Industry||1927|
|1.38||Haslemere Museum, Surrey||1927|
Series 2. Subject Files.
Scope and Content:
Subject files include commentary on visits to other institutions, docent and general museum training, prospectus examples, and technical display techniques.
|1.39||American Association of Museums, Museum Directory||1908|
|1.40||Los Angeles Fine Arts League, Prospectus||1911-1912|
|1.41||"Museums of Natural History and their Relation to the Public", Matilda Solomon||1912|
|1.46||European museum visits||1924|
|1.47||Kansas University, Museum of Natural History||n.d.|
|1.48||Card stock samples, Bristol Museum||n.d.|
Series 3. United States National Museum.
Scope and Content:
Material related to the management of the United States National Museum includes administrative correspondence, sample cataloging documents, internal memoranda, accessions, the internal transfer of specimens, and taxidermy.
|2.2||USNM Administrative Memoranda||1884-1904|
|2.3||USNM General Correspondence||1896-1909/1922|
|2.4||USNM Stegosaurus Restoration Agreement||1903-1904|
|2.5||USNM Taxidermists News Clippings||1923|
Series 4. Photographs.
Scope and Content:
Black and white photographs. Some are mounted on board depicting display cases and building features at various institutions; includes handwritten notes and descriptions; some dated.
|2.6||Photographs, Museums (#1)||n.d.|
|2.7||Photographs, Museums (#2)||n.d.|
|2.8||Photographs, Museums (#3)||n.d.|
|2.9||Photographs, U.S. Department of Agriculture||1920|
Series 5. Postcards.
Scope and Content:
Various postcard samples from international and national institutions. Most are loose and have not been written on, while others are bound and enclosed in envelopes.
|3.48||Wolfboro, New Hampshire||n.d.|